History and Geography

Intention of History and Geography at Elton Primary


Subject leader: Mrs McDonnell



At Elton Primary School, our geography curriculum is designed to develop children’s curiosity and fascination about the world and its people in a well sequenced and progressive way. Children will investigate a range of places – both in Britain and abroad – to help develop their knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s physical and human features. We are committed to providing children with opportunities to investigate and make enquiries about their local area of Elton and the North West to develop a real sense of who they are, their heritage and what makes our local area unique. Our geography curriculum is also designed to also make links to our local history and how the past has impacted the geography of our area. Fieldwork opportunities will give our children the opportunity to work both in teams and independently and will develop their resilience in asking questions and learning new things. The curriculum is sequenced so that children begin to develop a more in-depth understanding of the UK, European countries and non-European countries as they progress from EYFS to Year 6. By the end of year 6 we aim for our children to have a genuine interest in the subject and a real sense of curiosity about the world and the people who live here.



At Elton Primary School, we aim to offer a well sequenced history curriculum which offers skills and knowledge progression as well as a chronological progression in order to make links between events. In ensuring a well sequenced and broad curriculum, the children should have a full understanding of British History, from the Stone Age to the present day. We aim to encompass the need of each individual child and our local area is also celebrated with its own rich history as a feature of our curriculum. By the end of KS2, we aim for our children to be fully equipped with the skills and knowledge to see them through to KS3 Progression will be evidenced through the children’s humanities books. We aim to inspire pupil’s curiosity to know more and remember more about the past through delivering high-quality lessons, led by enquiry questions, that encourage children to ask perceptive questions, think critically and to explore evidence and sources. Consequently, we hope to eradicate any historical misconceptions and that children will therefore develop independence in having the confidence to have their own viewpoint but also develop teamwork skills when enquiring and challenging the views  of others. The pupil’s learning experience will also be enhanced by trips and visiting experts to enhance a genuine curiosity.


Key history concepts:

  • continuity and change
  • similarity and difference
  • cause and consequence (effect)
  • significance
  • evidence
  • chronological understanding
  • interpretation
  • diversity 


Key Geography concepts: 

  • environmental impact and sustainability 
  • scale
  • space
  • place
  • interconnections
  • environment - human and physical 
  • cultural awareness and diversity 



In EYFS, we follow the ‘Development Matters’ which aims for all children in reception and nursery to have an ‘Understanding of the World’ which encompasses history and geography together…

Children in nursery will be learning to…

  • Know that there are different countries in the world and talk about the differences they have experienced or seen in photos.
  • Begin to understand the need to respect and care for the natural environment and all living things.
  • Begin to make sense of their own life-story and family’s history.
  • Use all of their senses in hands-on exploration of natural materials – physical geography.

Children in reception will be learning to…

  • Recognise some environments that are different to the one in which they live.
  • Explore the natural world around them.
  • Recognise some similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other countries.
  • Draw information from a simple map.
  • Comment on images of familiar situations in the past.
  • Use all of their senses in hands-on exploration of natural materials – physical geography.
  • Understand the past through settings, characters and events encountered in books and storytelling.

Useful websites






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Elton Primary School
School Lane, Elton,
Cheshire CH2 4LT
Headteacher: Mr Kevin Manning
Main Contact: Miss E Jackson, Mrs C Davies or Mrs K Henderson
SENCO - Mrs Samantha Higginson