Maths is taught daily in all year groups; usually during a discrete hour long maths lesson. Within these sessions a focus is placed upon the children developing confidence and fluency with their number skills. Times tables, number bonds and mental strategies of calculation are revisited regularly to help children secure these skills.
In all classes the children are taught ways of developing their strategies and understanding by using a range of objects, pictures and then purely numbers to solve problems.
Maths lessons throughout the year cover skills across the following areas:
- Number – number and place value
- Number – addition and subtraction
- Number – multiplication and division
- Number – fractions including decimals and percentages
- Geometry – properties of shapes
- Geometry – position and direction
- (Year 6 only: algebra, ratio and proportion)
The main focus of mathematics in key stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This involves working with numerals, words and the four operations.
Infant pupils also work on developing their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. They also use a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.
By the end of year 2, pupils should know the number bonds and number facts up to 20 (9 + 7 = 16; 16 − 7 = 9; 7 = 16 − 9).
Years 3 and 4
The main focus of mathematics teaching in lower key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.
By the end of year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table.
Years 5 and 6
The main focus of mathematics teaching in upper key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. They develop connections between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.
By the end of year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.